Society has rightfully become concerned that we might miss cases where children are in danger of abuse. However, Child Protection investigations are not benign processes and when families are incorrectly caught in the net, serious harm can result.
Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy and Lyme disease: Medical misogyny or diagnostic mystery
by Virginia T. Sherr Summary Chronic, tertiary Lyme disease, a vector-borne infection most accurately designated neuroborreliosis, is often misdiagnosed. Infectors of the human brain, Lyme borrelial spirochetes are neurotropic, similar to the spirochetes of syphilis.
Symptoms of either disease may be stable and persistent, transient and inconsistent or severeyet fleeting. Characteristics may be incompatible with established knowledge of neurological dermatomes, appearing to conventional medical eyes as anatomically impossible, thus creating confusion for doctors, parents and child patients.Physicians unfamiliar with Lyme patients’ shifting, seemingly vague, emotional, and/or bizarre-soundin gcomplaints, frequently know little about late-stage spirochetal disease. Consequently, they may accuse mothers of fabricating their children’s symptoms – the so-called Munchausen’s by proxy (MBP) ‘‘diagnoses.’’Women, following ancient losses of feminine authority in provinces of religion, ethics, and healing – disciplines comprising known fields of early medicine, have been scape goated throughout history. In the Middle Ages, women considered potentially weak-minded devil’s apprentices became victims of witch-hunts throughout Europe and America.
Millions of women were burned alive at the stake. Modern medicine’s tendency to trivialize women’s ‘‘offbeat’’ concerns and the fact that today’s hurried physicians of both genders tend to seek easy panaceas, frequently result in the misogyny of mother-devaluation, especially by doctors who are spirochetally naive. These factors, when involving cases of cryptic neuro borreliosis, may lead to accusations of MBP.
Thousands of children, sick from complex diseases, have been forcibly removed from mothers who insist, contrary to customary evaluations, that their children are ill. The charges against these mothers relate to the idea they believe their children sick to satisfy warped internal agendas of their own. ‘‘MBP mothers’’ are then vilified, frequently jailedand publicly shamed for the ‘‘sins’’ of advocating for their children. In actuality, many such cases involve an unrecognized Lyme borreliosis causation that mothers may insist is valid despite negative tests.
Doctors who have utilized MBP tactics against mothers are likely to be unaware that in advanced borreliosis,seronegativity is often the rule, a principle disagreed upon by its two extant, published, peer-reviewed, Standards of Care. These are guidelines for Lyme disease management – the older system questioning the existence of persistent Lyme and the newer system relying on established clinical criteria,
Misdiagnosis of Child Abuse Related to Delay in Diagnosing a Paediatric Brain Tumor, Clinical Medicine Insights: Pediatrics, 1;1-12.
Wrennall, L. 2008
Conflicting opinion regarding the relative weight that should be allocated to the investigation of organic causes of child illness, compared to the pursuit of suspicions of child abuse, has generated considerable public debate. The discourse of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy/Fabricated and Induced Illness is at the centre of contention. In particular, concern has arisen that children’s medical needs are being neglected when their conditions are misdiagnosed as child abuse. This paper documents a case study in which the use of Child Protection procedures was linked to the belief that the child’s illness had “no organic cause.” The case study is contextualised in a review of literature relevant to the diagnostic process.
The deployment of the Child Protection perspective resulted in significant delay in the diagnosis of the child’s brain tumour. The child was ultimately found to be suffering from an optic chasm mass lesion involving the hypothalamus and the medial temporal regions, resulting in Diencephalic Syndrome. The evidence in this case is that erring on the side of suspecting Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy/Fabricated and Induced Illness, was not “erring on the side of the child.” Several lessons need to be learned from the case. The importance of ensuring that the Child Protection perspective does not displace adequate assessment of alternative explanations for the child’s condition is emphasised, as is the need for good communication in medical relationships. Strategies involving empathy, mediation, negotiation and confict resolution may provide a more appropriate and therapeutic alternative to the use of Child Protection procedures in cases where the diagnosis is contentious. The need to re-write relevant policy, protocols and guidance is imperative. http://www.la-press.com/misdiagnosis-of-child-abuse-related-to-delay-in-diagnosing- a-paediatri-a803
Tissue Scurvy and the Triad
Michael D. Innis
Retired Haematologist, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia Abstract: The Triad, characterized by bilateral retinal haemorrhages, diffuse cerebral haemorrhage and hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy is conventionally thought to result from trauma caused by violently shaking a child by a parent or carer. The shaking is said to cause a to and fro movement of the brain in the skull leading to injury to the neurons, disruption of the cerebral veins and trauma to the retinal vessels. Vigorous shaking of a child has never been observed and an alternative explanation for these changes was sought. Here it is shown that Tissue Scurvy, an autoimmune disorder which has specific and consistent biochemical features of Hyperglycaemia and Liver Dysfunction as shown by abnormal Liver Function Tests, is the cause of the lesions. A child diagnosed as being the victim of the Shaken Baby Syndrome was tested for evidence of Tissue Scurvy and both Hyperglycaemia and Abnormal Liver Function were demonstrated. It is concluded that these results provide conclusive evidence that the Shaken Baby Syndrome is a form of Tissue Scurvy in which encephalopathy is caused by damage to neurons in the cervical spinal column causing hypoxia, which leads to ischaemic encephalopathy and the other features of the triad.
Shaken Baby Defense Attorney - Mark Freeman Abstract
Dr. John Caffey, often credited with “discovering” shaken baby syndrome, hypothesized that by shaking a child, “[s]pecial lacerating stresses are thus applied to the cerebral bridging veins at the fixed sites of their attachment to the walls of the sagittal sinuses” causing subdural hemorrhage. Dr. Norman Guthkelch, also credited with discovering the hypothesis, “postulated that whiplash forces caused subdural hematomas by tearing cortical bridging veins”. Proponents further hypothesized that shaking caused immediate symptoms producing brain “injury referred to as shearing injury or diffuse axonal injury.” Dr. Alex Levin, a leading advocate of the shaking hypothesis claimed that macular “retinoschisis has never been described in children due to any entity other than SBS so its presence is diagnostic.” Thus “the neuropathological triad of subdural and retinal haemorrhages and acute encephalopathy was termed the ‘shaken baby syndrome’ (SBS)”.
Shaken Baby Syndrome: Medical Uncertainty Casts Doubts On Convictions by Molly Gena Abstract
If murder cannot be proved, the conviction cannot be safe. In a criminal case, it is simply not enough to be able to establish even a high probability of guilt. Unless we are sure of guilt the dreadful possibility always remains that a mother, already brutally scarred by the unexplained death or deaths of her babies, may find herself in prison for life for killing them when she should not be there at all. In our community, and in any civilised community, that is abhorrent. http://hosted.law.wisc.edu/lawreview/issues/2007-3/gena.pdf
Shaken Baby Syndrome: actual innocence petition by Kent R. Holcomb
In this hypothetical case the state’s entire prosecution rested on the Rule 702, R. Evd. Medical Testimony that the head injury was caused by SBS (Shaken Baby Syndrome), a biomechanical hypothesis for explaining head injuries. Although this alleged event was not witnessed by anyone, the state posited this hypothesis as the only explanation for the injuries. The rule 702 experts also testified that the head injury could not be caused by a minor fall, also known as the biomechanical LMF (lethal minor fall) theory. The history of medicine is replete with examples of practices that, during their times, were generally accepted by a consensus of medical opinion, only to be later rejected as useless, potentially harmful, or sometimes even lethal, such as the practice of bloodletting, blistering, or purging of the bowels with mercury-containing calomel of earlier times, or more recently with practices of lobotomies or electric shock treatments. The same processes are continuing today, with more recent practices provided in the medical literature. http://www.vaclib.org/basic/sbs/man1828-1835.pdf
A Critical Look At The Shaken Baby Syndrome by Roger H. Kelly and Zachary M. Bravos Abstract Approximately 1,400 infants and young children are reported to suffer brain injury as a result of abuse each year in the U.S.1 Violent shaking is considered to be a leading cause of those injuries.2 The theory that violent shaking causes brain injuries in infants and young children is referred to as shaken baby syndrome. Is the theory valid?
The case of Kathleen Folbigg: medical expert testimony, a system failure by Michael Nott Did Kathleen Folbigg, who was convicted of the murder of her four children in 2003, actually kill her children?
It is a question that has exercised the minds of many legal academics and lawyers.
What we do know is that Folbigg was convicted in the NSW Supreme Court without any substantial evidence. The case was based on the circumstances that Folbigg was the mother of four children and all the children died. The medical evidence relating to the cause of the deaths of her four children at her trial was not conclusive and, at best, circumstantial. The deaths of Folbigg’s four children were originally labelled as ‘sudden infant death syndrome.
A Failure To Learn Lessons by Michael Nott Abstract Australia's judicial system is failing to take heed pf the injustices tha have occurred in England concerning the beliefs of British Kidney Specialist , Professor Roy Meadow. There has been a succession of injustices and wrongful convictions of infanticide based on on the Expert evidence of Professor Meadow,evidence that has been criticized by the UK Court of Appeal.These cases include Sally Clark, Trudi Patel, Angela Cannings and Donna Anthony. Other cases involving Meadow's evidence are being judicially reviewed.
Justice Out Of Balance by Michael Nott Abstract During the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I and King James I in England in the 16thand 17th centuries, laws were passed against witchcraft. Under the provisions of these laws, some 70,000 witches were put to death. Alleged witches were searched out, then tortured so that they confessed. They were condemned to death after a superficial trial using hearsay and speculative evidence. There were mass witch burnings. Alice Moll and is said to be the last witch executed, in 1685.What kind of insanity was this? Were the authorities ignorant and overzealous? Is history now repeating itself? The injustices of MSBP profiling Consider this. If you are a mother with a young child who has a very difficult-to-diagnose illness, you may find yourself looking down the aggressive barrel of a child protection agency that will take your child into foster care. The courts state that you will only have very limited supervised contact with your child again, if at all. There is no evidence that you caused the child's illness—just speculation and supposition. (Often these very sick children are prematurely born, may have congenital or genetic problems ormay have suffered an adverse reaction to drugs; or the parent may have challenged a doctor's medical treatment. http://www.academia.edu/226052/Justice_out_of_balance
Shaken Baby Syndrome And Multiple Vaccinations: An Investigation
Dr. F. Edward Yazbak First Paragraph Child abuse is a terrible crime and the failure to recognize it is unforgivable. An erroneous diagnosis of inflicted head trauma is just as tragic and the resulting destruction of a family is one of the gravest injustices of modern times. Many have recently questioned the existence of the so-called “Shaken Baby Syndrome” and the concept that the last caretaker must have been guilty. Careful reviews often uncover relevant findings that were missed or ignored. Recent pediatric vaccinations have been suspected as precipitating factors. A recent combination of seven antigens is the focus of this investigation. http://www.nvic.org/Doctors-Corner/Edward-Yazbak/Multiple-Vaccinations-and-the-Shaken-Baby-Syndrome.aspx
Child Abuse or Osteogenesis Imperfecta? by Osteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation Abstract A child is brought into the emergency room with a fractured leg. The parents are unable to explain how the leg fractured. X-rays reveal several other fractures in various stages of healing. The parents say they did not know about these fractures, and cannot explain what might have caused them. Hospital personnel call child welfare services to report a suspected case of child abuse. The child is taken away from the parents and placed in foster care.
Abstract In cases involving child abuse allegations, when osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a possibility, the basis for a diagnosis of OI begins with an examination and evaluation by a knowledgeable physician. Evaluation by a clinical geneticist who has experience with all types of OI--mild, moderate and severe--can be helpful. If a child has been diagnosed with OI, parents are encouraged to carry a letter from the primary care physician documenting the diagnosis.
Proper care for osteogenesis imperfecta can decrease the risk of additional fractures and promote development of maximum bone density.
The OI Foundation cannot become involved in individual cases, except to provide resource information. If you would like additional information, contact the Foundation to receive our packet on OI and child abuse.
AUTISM AND ME/CFS SOME OF THE REAL PROBLEMS BEHIND MANY CASES OF SO-CALLED MUNCHAUSEN SYNDROME BY PROXY??? A MODERN DAY SCANDAL by Lisa Blakemore-Brown Abstract For whatever reason – and I can think of quite a few – vast numbers of professionals in legal, health and educational circles misconstrue symptoms of Autism, ME/CFS (Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome) and related disorders as child abuse and parents, usually mothers, are accused of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP/FII). I first came across this problem in 1995 and was so concerned that the entire system could be duped by this approach that I began to write about it in 1997 after a mother lost all four of her children, two of whom were ASD/ADHD. See My Letter of Concern published in The Psycholgist, Journal of the British Psychological Society, September 1997.
Multiple Vaccinations And the Shaken Baby Syndrome
F. Edward Yazbak MD, FAAP Child abuse is a terrible crime and the failure to recognize it is unforgivable. An erroneous diagnosis of inflicted head trauma is just as tragic and the resulting destruction of a family is one of the gravest injustices of modern times. Many have recently questioned the existence of the so-called “Shaken Baby Syndrome” and the concept that the last caretaker must have been guilty. Careful reviews often uncover relevant findings that were missed or ignored. Recent pediatric vaccinations have been suspected as precipitating factors. A recent combination of seven antigens is the focus of this investigation. http://www.nvic.org/Doctors-Corner/Edward-Yazbak/Multiple-Vaccinations-and-the-Shaken-Baby-Syndrome.aspx
Analysis of Causes That Led to the Bleedings in the Subdural Spaces and Other Tissues in Baby Alan Ream Yurko’s Case by
Mohammed Ali Al-Bayati, PhD, DABT, DABVT Toxicologist & Pathologist Abstract
My review of the medical evidence in baby Alan’s case clearly shows that he died as a result of adverse reactions to vaccines and medications. The tissue bleedings were caused by his treatment with heparin following his respiratory/cardiac arrest. The medical examiner and other physicians who evaluated this case failed to consider heparin’s ability to cause bleeding in tissues. They also overlooked the role of the adverse reactions to vaccines in the baby’s health problems. Detailed descriptions of the clinical data and other medical literature explaining the pathogenesis of the baby’s illness and supporting my conclusions are presented in this report. http://www.freeyurko.bizland.com/albayatihep.html
Shaken Babies by
Archie Kalokerinos, MD Introduction
Shaken Baby Syndrome was originally defined to include 1. Fractures 2. Bruising 3. Haemorrhages a) Intracranial b) Retinal c) Elsewhere 4. Other injuries not explained by a clear and witnessed (by so-called ‘reliable witnesses’) history of accidental injury. That is; what is regarded as ‘nonaccidental injury’ (NAI).
It was later defined by intracranial and/or retinal haemorrhages alone. Then it was claimed that gentle shaking alone could initiate the problem.
Later still, the definition was extended to include some cases of the ‘Sudden Infant Death Syndrome’. Reasons for this included the idea that shaking a baby could upset the brain stem and result in cessation of breathing. Support for this was generated by the fact that, sometimes in the brain stem ‘diffuse axonal injury’ is found, and cervical spinal ‘injuries’, such as haemorrhages, are sometimes found during autopsies. Note that diffuse axonal injury does not necessarily mean that an inflicted injury is always the cause. The term is misleading because cerebral anoxia can result in similar pathology – and this, obviously, is not always precipitated by inflicted injuries.
When so-called ‘diffuse axonal injury’ was added to the list of ‘baddies,’ paediatricians and forensic scientists became totally overcome by what they saw as the ultimate crime - someone loosing control, grasping an infant firmly around the chest, and shaking it violently for several seconds. Animated videos were produced to demonstrate how the brain moved inside the skull and ‘tore’ the axons apart. Animal experiments were performed and the results appeared to support the shaking hypothesis. The matter was therefore declared closed. Those who were accused appeared to have no defence. In America several individuals are on death row.
But, like so many other aspects of medicine, it was not simple. There are reasons to believe that shaking is not always the cause of the pathologies found. That is: there are explanations that do not involve inflicted trauma.
Dr. Waney Squier Thinks More Than 50% Of People Convicted Of SBS Could Be Innocent JUSTICE DENIED: THE MAGAZINE FOR THE WRONGLY CONVICTED First paragraph Neuropathologist Dr. Waney Squier is themost experienced paediatric neuropathologist in England. A member of the staff of the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, she has researched the brains of babies for 30 years and is an internationally recognized expert in brain development about which she has written more than 100 medical papers. http://justicedenied.org/issue/issue_48/squier_jd48.pdf
Was Sally Clarke's Child Killed by a Vaccine? by Neville Hodgkinson - Spectator Magazine Neville Hodgkinson asks why the jury in the Sally Clark trial was told to discount the DTP jab given to her second child, Harry, just five hours before he was found dead Sally Clark spent three and a half years in jail wrongly convicted of murdering two of her babies after a jury was assured there was no other explanation for their sudden deaths than that she had deliberately smothered them. Yet five hours before her second child, Harry, was found lifeless in his baby chair, he had been injected with a combined vaccine with a long history of serious adverse reactions
Bone Density Test Can Disporve Shaken Baby Syndrome Part 1 by Catherine Frompovich Consumer Health Care Researcher and Journalist
As a consumer health care researcher and journalist, one of my pet projects is something I think the medical and legal professions may have taken the low road in dealing with caretakers charged with Shaken Baby Syndrome, a medical-legal term that devastates those prosecuted with it and also destroys families due to inaccuracies involved that require children to be removed from parents’ care and placed in foster homes or up for adoption.
Before I delve into the topic I want to discuss, perhaps you may want to know that I have co-authored several papers with Dr. Harold E. Buttram, MD, regarding topics such as Brain Inflammation, Basics of the Human Immune System Prior to Vaccines, and Shaken Baby Syndrome, which can be accessed at the International Medical Council on Vaccination website starting with Vaccines and Brain Inflammation at http://lawreview.byu.edu/articles/1325789487_13Seeley.FIN.pdf. In order to access the other papers, you will have to scroll through IMCV’s archives. Dr. Buttram’s name appears first on all articles.
The Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy Witch Hunt by Michael Nott
Consider this. If you are a mother with a young child who has a very difficult-to-diagnose illness, you could find yourself looking down the aggressive barrel of a child protection agency. They could take your child into foster care, and the courts could allow you only very limited supervised contact with your child again, if at all.
There is no evidence that you have caused the child's illness. Often the children at risk are very sick but a parent may have challenged a doctor's medical treatment.
Such a scene is happening in a number of countries, including Australia, Germany, New Zealand, UK and the US. In some cases it is happening without evidence, driven by the speculative, circumstantial and prejudicial, much the same way as the witch hunts of old. It follows on from the Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) theory introduced by British pediatrician, Professor Sir Roy Meadow (Lancet in 1977), also known as "factitious illness", "pediatric falsification disorder" and similar terms. http://www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp?article=3485 SHAKEN BABY SYNDROME, ABUSIVE HEAD TRAUMA, AND ACTUAL INNOCENCE: GETTING IT RIGHT By Keith A. Findley, Patrick D. Barnes, David A. Moran, and Waney Squier* In the past decade, the existence of shaken baby syndrome (SBS) has been called into serious question by biomechanical studies, the medical and legal literature, and the media. As a result of these questions, SBS has been renamed abusive head trauma (AHT). This is, however, primarily a terminological shift: like SBS, AHT refers to the two-part hypothesis that one can reliably diagnose shaking or abuse from three internal findings (subdural hemorrhage, retinal hemorrhage, and encephalopathy) and that one can identify the perpetrator based on the onset of symptoms. Over the past decade, we have learned that this hypothesis fits poorly with the anatomy and physiology of the infant brain, that there are many natural and accidental causes for these findings,
THE POLITICS AND COMMERCE OF AUTISM Curves and Swerves Tricks used by Professor Baron-Cohen and the British government to avoid what is staring them in the face in autism by Lisa Blakemore-Brown Pschologist Over the last few years, given the frightening epidemic of autism and the appalling suffering of so many, I have been bewildered by the choice of research undertaken by those who have been able to get funding from the UK Government. It has become increasingly obvious that the elephant in the room – vaccines linked to autism, cot death and other conditions – is being ignored as are those who have suffered, unless of course they are blamed. Blame theories (such as Munchausen by Proxy) form another elephant that people have turned a blind eye to and if you read this article you will see that MSBP is intertwined with vaccines issues.
The case of Kathleen Folbigg: medical expert testimony, a system failure 'People are ...convicted for the illegal acts that the do' by Michael Nott LLB
This article considers the two discredited hypotheses of Sir Roy Meadow: Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (‘MSBP’) and the ‘rule of three’ in relation to multiple infant deaths. These hypotheses are controversial. While appellate courts have either rejected them outright or called them speculative, they have been used to achieve convictions in other courts.
This article considers how these hypotheses were used in the trial of Kathleen Folbigg, specifically in the prosecution’s questioning and eliciting of witness responses. Although not acknowledged specifically by name, the hypotheses underlined the expert testimony of the prosecution witnesses, thereby creating a presumption of guilt. It is argued that this presumption was compounded by the use of exclusion evidence and the implied use of discredited statistical calculations previously utilised, and rejected, in the trial of Sally Clark.
These questionable hypotheses were rejected in a later similar Australian case.
There is a failure of courts in the Folbigg case to recognise that siblings could die for reasons that are natural. This article considers the view that evidence of significant bacterial infection cannot be ruled out as a potential cause of death in two of the Folbigg children, thus giving rise to the prospect of an unsafe conviction.
Folbigg, Meadow, cot death theory, Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy, MSPB, judicial failure, system failure, medical expert evidence, bacterial infection, statistics, sudden infant death, sudden unexplained infant death, rule of three.